A First Look at the Governor’s Fiscal Year 2015 Budget

Full Report in PDF


On Feb. 5, Gov. Rick Snyder released his budget for Fiscal Year 2015, which begins Oct. 1, 2014 and ends Sept. 30, 2015. The governor recommends total funding (from federal, state and other sources) of $52.1 billion.

The governor also recommends placing an additional $120 million in the state’s “rainy day” fund, bringing total savings to more than $700 million. The governor told the Appropriations Committees that his goal, if reelected, is to build the fund to between $1.2 billion and $1.5 billion. He also recommended a “savings deposit” of $122 million from implementation of the Healthy Michigan Plan to offset future healthcare costs.

In addition to deposits in the “rainy day” fund, the governor proposes to use nearly $1 billion in unexpected revenues in the coming fiscal year to partially restore some of the budget cuts made in earlier years, expand existing programs, or pilot new initiatives. While rejecting the across-the-board personal income tax cut that was recently approved by the Senate Finance Committee, the governor recommends $100 million for a partial restoration of the Homestead Property Tax Credit, which was cut back significantly as part of the Great Tax Shift of 2011 that reduced business taxes by 83%, while increasing taxes on low and moderate-income families and retirees.

The governor’s budget includes some much needed investments in the services that can revitalize the state’s economy including funding for early childhood education, K-12 public schools, community colleges, universities, state police and local governments. While a step in the right direction, these fall short of meeting the need, and fail to restore many of the deep cuts made in critical programs over the last decade.

Most notably, the budget fails to address basic income assistance programs, despite growing child poverty rates and continued high unemployment. A critical omission was the failure to restore cuts in the state’s Earned Income Tax Credit, the best tool for helping families with the lowest wages.

Another disappointment was the failure to expand the Healthy Kids Dental program statewide. While the governor did include two additional counties, still excluded are some of the state’s most populous counties with large numbers of Medicaid-eligible children and children of color, including Wayne, Oakland and Kent counties.

Department of Community Health

The governor’s budget includes total funding for the Department of Community Health of $17.4 billion, including $2.9 billion in state General Fund dollars, an increase of approximately 3% over the current year appropriation of $16.9 billion. The bulk of the funding is for the state’s Medicaid and Healthy Michigan Plan programs (74%), followed by mental health and substance abuse services (18%).

The budget for DCH is the state’s largest, growing by more than 60% between Fiscal Years 2005 and 2014. This year, federal funds make up nearly 69% of the DCH budget.

Medicaid: Approximately one in every five Michigan residents relies on Medicaid for healthcare coverage, and more than half of all births are paid for by the program. In the current fiscal year, the governor projects that 1.8 million Michigan residents will be covered by Medicaid, with an additional 214,000 benefiting from the implementation of the Healthy Michigan Plan that will take effect on April 1.

  • The governor’s budget for 2015 recognizes state General Fund savings of over $243 million as a result of federal approval of Michigan’s waiver to expand Medicaid through the Healthy Michigan Plan effective April 1, 2014. The savings are realized because the state currently spends 100% state General Funds for limited services to very low-income uninsured individuals, and with the expansion, federal funds would be available. The governor recommends that half of the savings, or $122 million, be placed in a newly created Health Savings Fund that would ensure that the state has sufficient funds to cover the future reductions in federal matching funds.
  • The Healthy Michigan Plan, which was championed by Gov. Snyder, will provide comprehensive health coverage to more than 400,000 currently uninsured people in the state in 2015.
  • The governor recommends $25.2 million for autism services, down from $35.2 million this year. An additional $3 million in one-time funding is recommended to train autism services providers through Michigan State University, Western Michigan University and Eastern Michigan University.
  • Funding of $26 million in state funds, $49.4 million in federal funds, is recommended to continue approximately half of the rate increase for primary care providers. The required rate increase was 100% federally funded for the first two years. In Fiscal Year 2015, the rate increase is no longer required or 100% federally funded.

Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services: Since Fiscal Year 2005, Medicaid-related mental health spending has increased by over 50%, while non-Medicaid spending has decreased, leaving many without needed services. Funding for substance abuse services increased by 12%, largely because of increases in federal funding.

  • With the expansion of Medicaid eligibility, persons enrolled in the Healthy Michigan Plan will also have access to comprehensive mental health services.
  • The governor also recommends $15.6 million in state General Fund, $5 million of which is one-time funding, to begin implementation of the recommendations of the Mental Health and Wellness Commission, which recently released its recommendations for improvements in mental health services.
  • The governor recommends $3.4 million for the Mental Health Diversion Council to treat those with mental illness or developmental disabilities in settings other than the criminal justice system. Additional funding of $2.7 million is included in the Judiciary and Corrections budgets.

Healthy Kids Dental: Michigan currently provides enhanced dental services to more than 500,000 children in 78 counties. Access to dental services is essential to prevent tooth decay, the No. 1 chronic disease in children.

  • The governor recommends $15.7 million ($5.4 million in state General Fund) to expand the Healthy Kids Dental program to an additional 100,000 children in Kalamazoo and Macomb counties. With that expansion, the program would cover over 611,000 children in 80 of 83 counties.
  • Not yet covered are more than 400,000 children in three of the most populated Michigan counties that are the home to many low-income children and children of color, including Wayne, Oakland and Kent counties. Healthy Kids Dental improves access to care by partnering with Delta Dental of Michigan to increase provider reimbursement rates and simplify administration.

Public Health and Children’s Services: Two of every three dollars spent on public health services is federal. Over the last decade, any increases in total public health funding have been from federal grants or other sources, while state funding has been falling.

  • The governor includes continuation funding of $39.4 million for local public health services. Spending on local public health essential services is nearly 1% lower this year than it was in Fiscal Year 2005.
  • The governor recommends continuation funding of $1.5 million for health innovation grants, a new initiative in the current fiscal year. Grants of up to $35,000 were awarded in January for 42 projects around the state that focus on new approaches to a range of health issues including underage drinking, chronic disease, health transportation, mental illness and substance abuse, homelessness, dental care and health disparities in children.
  • The governor includes $2.5 million in state funds, as well as $6.0 million in federal funds, to expand home visiting services to at-risk families with young children in rural areas in the Upper Peninsula and Northern Lower Peninsula.
  • The proposed budget includes $2 million in one-time funding for a pilot program to improve child and adolescent health services by working with existing school-based clinics to develop satellite locations that will provide nursing and behavioral health services.

Services for the Aging:

  • The governor’s budget includes $5 million in state funds to help eliminate a waiting list of an estimated 4,500 seniors eligible for home-delivered meals and in-home services provided through Area Agencies on Aging around the state.
  • The governor also expands funding by $9 million in state funds, $17.2 million in federal funds to eliminate the waiting list for the MIChoice program that provides in-home and community services to help seniors or those with disabilities remain in their homes rather than nursing homes, serving an additional 1,250 individuals.
  • The governor recommends the expansion of PACE (Programs for All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly) to more counties, funded through corresponding savings in nursing home costs.

Department of Human Services

The governor’s Fiscal Year 2015 budget includes total funding for the Department of Human Services of $5.62 billion, including $1 billion in state General Fund dollars, a reduction of 6.6% from the current year appropriation of $6.02 billion. The single largest program under the governor’s budget is the federally-funded Food Assistance Program, which accounts for 43% of total DHS spending, followed by administration and field operations (20%), children’s services (18%), and other public assistance programs (10%).

Primarily driven by an increase in the need for food assistance, total DHS appropriations rose by an average of 9.4% each year between Fiscal Years 2007 and 2011. Since that time, spending has declined by an average of 5.1% annually as caseloads for Michigan’s income assistance program, the Family Independence Program, dropped precipitously.

Federal funds now account for more than 80% of the DHS budget, up from 70% in Fiscal Year 2004. In the current fiscal year, DHS services represent only 11% of all state General Funds.

Income Assistance: FIP provides minimal income assistance to low-income households with dependent children. To be eligible for FIP, an average family of three must have income below $9,780 annually and financial assets of less than $3,000. The maximum benefit for a family of three is $492 per month. Approximately seven of every 10 FIP recipients are children, and 60% of those children are under the age of 9.

  • The governor includes $151.6 million for the FIP program, a reduction of 29% from the amount appropriated in the current fiscal year ($214.3 million). The reduction reflects in part rapidly declining caseloads, with the governor projecting FIP caseloads at 33,200 next year. Between Fiscal Year 2011 and 2014 (appropriated level), FIP caseloads fell from 79,660 to 44,400—a decline of 44%. Actual caseloads so far this fiscal year have been even lower than projections—falling to their lowest levels in 40 years at 39,254 in December of 2013.
  • FIP caseload declines have occurred despite continued high unemployment in Michigan and rising child poverty. Beginning in October of 2011, state policy changes, including those related to lifetime limits for assistance, resulted in declining caseloads.
  • The governor continues the Pathways to Potential program with a new investment of $20.1 million in largely federal funds. The Pathways program currently locates DHS staff in 159 public schools around the state to make it easier for them to address families’ need. With the new funding, DHS will also locate workers in hospitals, long-term care facilities, community mental health agencies, with private employers, and in corrections facilities to help with prisoner re-entry.
  • The governor continues the current Extended-FIP policy, which gives households who leave FIP due to earnings $10 per month in FIP assistance for six month after they leave the program, enabling the state to continue counting these households in its federally mandated work participation rate. In 2011, when the state tightened its 48-month lifetime limit on FIP, those six months of very minimal assistance began to count against a family’s lifetime limit. The governor’s budget also removes language requiring DHS to notify persons eligible for Extended-FIP that receiving it will count toward federal and state lifetime limits.

Food Assistance: The Food Assistance Program (formerly called the Food Stamp Program) is completely federally funded, with an average monthly benefit for a two-person household of $245. More than 70% of FAP recipients receive no other state cash assistance. With increasing unemployment and need, between Fiscal Years 2005 and 2011, caseloads more than doubled. Since that time, in part due to state policy changes limiting eligibility, case loads have begun to drop.

  • The governor’s Fiscal Year 2015 budget includes $2.4 billion for FAP—down from the $2.8 billion that was appropriated for this year. Included in the funding decline is a drop in the FAP caseload of 9%, from 967,566 in Fiscal Year 2011 to 877,409 in December of 2013. Also reflected is the loss of federal funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.
  • Caseloads began to fall in 2011, the same year that the state imposed a new limit on FAP assets. Families must now have less than $5,000 in total assets, including the value of vehicles after certain exclusions, in order to receive food assistance.

State Disability Assistance: The SDA, a totally state funded program, provides cash assistance to disabled adults who are permanently or temporarily unable to work, and who have annual incomes of less than $5,400 and less than $3,000 in assets. The average monthly payment for a single person is $225 per month, and the average length of time on SDA is approximately one year.

  • The governor’s Fiscal Year 2015 budget includes $17.9 million for the SDA, down from the appropriated level for the current year of $20.8 million.
  • SDA caseloads fell from 10,944 in Fiscal Year 2007 to 6,800 in December of 2012—a 38% drop. Funding fell from $34.4 million in 2007 to $20.8 million in the current fiscal year.

Energy Assistance: Michigan uses federal Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) block grant funding for four programs: the Home Heating Credit, State Emergency Relief, the new Michigan Energy Assistance Program (MEAP), and weatherization.

  • The governor’s budget includes $175 million in federal funds for energy assistance.
  • The governor also includes continuation funding of $60 million for the MEAP. The MEAP was created in response to a state law (P.A. 615 of 2012) requiring DHS to establish a new consolidated program with a single, simplified application.

Child Welfare Services: Michigan’s child welfare system, including protective services, foster care, adoption and family preservation and prevention services account for approximately 28% of all state General Funds in DHS. Funding for child welfare staffing has increased in recent years as the state has been required to comply with a settlement agreement resulting from a lawsuit related to its failure to protect children.

Foster Care: The governor recommends $190.3 million for foster care payments, up slightly from $187.7 million appropriated for this year. Foster care cases fell by more than 40% between Fiscal Year 2005 and the current fiscal year, from 10,674 to 6,250. Family foster care providers receive daily rates of between $17 and $21 depending on the age of the child and living situation, with higher rates for children with special needs or those in residential facilities.

Child Care Fund: The governor includes $178 million for the Child Care Fund, an increase of 4% over the current year appropriation of $171 million. The Child Care Fund provides for the care and treatment of delinquent or maltreated children that are court wards and not eligible for federal payments through Title IV-E. The primary sources of funding for the Child Care Fund are state General Funds (49.8%) and federal TANF (48.5%).

Adoption Subsidies: The governor includes $241 million for adoption subsidies, a small decrease from the current fiscal year appropriation of $244 million. Subsidies are provided to families adopting children with special needs and include both cash and medical subsidies. Adoption subsidy average monthly caseloads increased by 11% between Fiscal Years 2005 and 2010, and have since stabilized at approximately 27,000.

Prevention Services: The governor provides continuation funding for Strong Families/Safe Children ($12.35 million), Family Reunification ($3.98 million), and family preservation and prevention services programs ($2.5 million). Small cuts were made in the Families First program (from $17.2 million to $16.9 million), and the Child Protection and Permanency program ($13.2 million to $12.9 million).

School Aid

The governor’s fiscal year 2015 School Aid budget includes total state and local funding of $13.8 billion, an increase of 3.2% over the current year appropriation of $13.4 million. Approximately 85% of the funding for School Aid comes from state restricted sources, with federal funds accounting for 13%, and state General Funds about 2%. The governor again recommends that restricted School Aid Fund revenues be used to fund higher education ($200.5 million) and community colleges ($197.6 million).

In the current fiscal year, approximately two of every three dollars appropriated in the School Aid budget are for per pupil foundations allowances used for school operations (66.9%). Other major expenditures include special education (10.7%), federal programs (9.9%), At-Risk programs (2.3%), early childhood programs (1.4%) and Intermediate School District operations (0.5%).

Per-Pupil Foundation Allowances: As part of the budget process, the Michigan Legislature each year determines the level of per-pupil payments school districts will receive. Per-pupil allocations have varied over the last decade, with reductions of $470 per pupil between Fiscal Year 2009 and Fiscal Year 2012.

In the current fiscal year, the minimum per-pupil state payment to districts is $7,076, while the maximum is $8,049. One goal for school financing reforms adopted in 1994 was the closing of funding gaps between districts, and this year, the gap between districts receiving the maximum and minimum payment was reduced to $973 per pupil.

  • The governor’s Fiscal Year 2015 budget includes $150 million for an increase in the foundation allowance of between $83 and $111 per pupil.
  • The minimum foundation allowance will increase by $111 to $7,187, while the maximum allowance will increase by $83 to $8,132.
  • The governor recommends continuation funding for districts based on performance on four standards (up to $100 per pupil), and up to $52 per pupil for districts that meet 7 of 8 best practices criteria.

Funding for School Districts in Fiscal Distress: The governor proposes $10 million in funding for a new Distressed Districts Emergency Grant Fund. The fund would be for districts that are either facing dissolution, or have accepted children from districts that have dissolved. Funds can be used in part to allow districts to operate or to provide educational services until the end of the current school fiscal year.

At-Risk Programs: Funds have been available to school districts for a range of instructional and non-instructional services for at-risk students.

  • The governor recommends continuation funding of $309 million for at-risk programs, but changes were made in budget language on the allocation and use of the funds.
  • The governor recommends that the goals of the program be: (1) reading proficiency by the end of third grade; and (2) graduation rates and career and college readiness. Districts that cannot show success toward those goals after three years must reallocate funds and revise their plans.
  • Funds may be used to implement school-wide reforms in schools with 40% or more of its pupils identified as at-risk—consistent with the local School Improvement Plan.
  • Students are defined as at-risk if they: (1) are enrolled in a priority school; (2) are enrolled in a “focus school” which is in the bottom 30% of achievement; and (3) did not achieve a score of proficient on two or more state assessments. In the absence of assessment data, the pupil must meet at least two of the following: (1) eligible for free- or reduced-price meals; (2) absent more than 10 school days during the year, or 10% of enrolled days; (3) homeless; (4) migrant; (5) English language learner; (6) immigrant; and (7) did not complete high school in four years.

Child and Adolescent Health Centers: The governor recommends continuation funding of $3.56 million for child and adolescent health centers.

Hearing and Vision Screenings: The governor recommends continuation funding for hearing and vision screenings at $5.2 million.

Early Childhood Education: Last year, Gov. Snyder and the Legislature endorsed a $65 million increase in funding for Michigan’s Great Start Readiness preschool program, the largest increase in state-funded preschool in the nation. The GSRP provides early education to at-risk 4-year-olds at or below 250% of poverty.

  • The governor’s Fiscal Year 2015 budget includes another $65 million for the GSRP, creating an additional 16,000 half-day slots for 4-year-olds. If adopted, total funding for the GSRP will rise from $174.6 million this year to $239.6 million in Fiscal Year 2015, and the estimated number of half-day slots will rise from 48,200 to 64,300.
  • The governor also proposes to increase the payment to GSRP providers by $100, from $3,625 to $3,725.
  • New budget language is included that allows ISDs to enroll children from families with incomes of up to 300% of poverty (up from 250% under current law) if they can demonstrate that they are serving all eligible children under 250% of poverty already. Four-year-olds that are in foster care, homeless or in a special education inclusive preschool are eligible regardless of family income.

Adult Education: Michigan has decreased state funding for adult education drastically in the past 20 years, from $185 million in 1996 to $22 million this year. Because there are a large number of adults in Michigan with low basic skills, the need for adult education remains high.

  • The governor provides continuation funding of $22 million for adult education.
  • The governor proposes to significantly change the allocation method for those funds:
    • Funds would be allocated to ISDs serving as fiscal agents in each of the 10 “Prosperity Regions” identified by the Michigan Department of Education.
    • In Fiscal Year 2015, 67% of the funds would be provided to ISDs based on the proportion of total funding formerly received by the adult education providers in that region in the current fiscal year. The remaining funds (33%) would be allocated as follows: (1) 60% on the percentage of 18- to 24-year-olds in the region who are not high school graduates; (2) 35% based on the percentage of the state population ages 25 and older who are not high school graduates in that region; and (3) 5% based on the percentage of the state population ages 18 and over who lack basic English proficiency in that region.
    • In Fiscal Year 2016, 33% of the allocation would be provided based on funds previously received by adult education providers in the region, with the remainder based on high school graduation rates and English proficiency.
    • In Fiscal Year 2017, all the funds would be based on the new formula (high school graduation rates and English proficiency).

Intermediate School Districts:

  • The governor recommends continuation funding for ISD operations at $62.1 million, with an additional $2 million for those that meet best practices.
  • The governor recommends continuation funding of $10.9 million for a block grant to ISDs for early childhood services (birth through age 8).

Year-Around School Pilot Projects: The governor recommends $2 million for year-around school pilot projects in lower achieving school districts.

Dual Enrollment Incentives: The governor includes $1.75 million for incentives for school districts that support dual enrollment. Districts can receive up to $30 for each pupil that enrolls in a course at an eligible postsecondary institution, with an additional $30 provided if the pupil successfully completes the course and is awarded both high school and postsecondary credit.

Teacher Effectiveness and Student Assessments:

  • The governor includes $27.8 million for a phase-in of evaluation tools for teachers and administrators.
  • The governor recommends $40.1 million for student assessments, with an increase of $7.2 million to begin to link students and teachers for educator evaluations.

Department of Education

The budget for the MDE grew significantly in Fiscal Year 2012 with the launching of the Office of Great Start, and the transfer of the state’s subsidized Child Development and Care Program (CDC) from the DHS to the MDE. Over 70% of the funding for the MDE is federal, with the CDC accounting for $136.3 million or nearly 46% of the budget.

Overall funding and caseloads for the CDC have been falling rapidly in recent years, in part because of changes in state policy limiting eligibility and access to care, as well low reimbursement rates to providers. Between Fiscal Years 2005 and 2014, CDC cases fell from 64,882 to only 22,142, a drop of 66%. During that same time, CDC spending fell from $479 million to $136 million.

Other MDE responsibilities include overseeing the K-12 school system, certifying teachers, administering early childhood programs, disbursing funds to educational organizations and libraries, and providing technical assistance.

  • The governor recommends total funding for the MDE of $326.6 million, an increase of 9.5% over the current year-to-date budget.
  • The governor recommends two significant changes to the child development and care program, both of which are included in a supplemental budget bill (total funding of $5.3 million) so they could be implemented in the current fiscal year:
    • An additional $6.9 million for an increase in the maximum allowable reimbursable hours for subsidized child care from 80 to 90 hours in a two-week period, recognizing parents need to travel to work and child care settings. The MDE testified that 32 states do not cap the number of hours of care, and of those that do, Michigan has the lowest cap.
    • An increase of $3.7 million in 100% federal funds to increase reimbursement rates to higher quality child care providers, based on the state’s Great Start to Quality rating system. Providers with three, four and five star ratings would see progressively higher hourly reimbursement rates. In 2012, 23 states had higher rates for higher quality programs.
  • The governor’s budget includes state funds for the MDE to work with the Department of Treasury to create a new financial independence team that will develop and implement early warning systems for financially distressed school districts, as well as funding for more staff to help the lowest achieving school improve its academic programs and performance.

Postsecondary Education

Because Michigan does not have a state agency that exercises financing or policy authority over its universities and community colleges, the Legislature makes direct appropriations to those institutions through the Higher Education and Community Colleges budgets. Michigan’s three financial aid grant programs are funded through the Higher Education budget even though community college students may also apply for and receive those grants.

  • The governor’s budget gives the 28 Michigan community colleges a 3% increase in total base funding for operations, and $8.9 million in performance funding. As in previous recent years, the majority of overall funding for community colleges comes from the School Aid Fund ($197.6 million, an amount equal to the current School Aid Fund appropriation) and the rest comes from the General Fund ($173.9 million, a 26% increase over the current General Fund appropriation).
  • The governor’s budget increases the total appropriation for university operations by $76.9 million (6%) over the current fiscal year. As in previous recent years, this increase is in the form of performance funding, though the formula has been modified so that half of the increase goes proportionally to universities to make up for funding lost in 2012. There is a new performance metric that rewards institutions based on the number of students receiving Pell Grants, a positive change that attempts to encourage universities to become more accessible to low-income students.
  • This budget continues the practice begun two years ago of requiring universities to limit tuition increases to 3.2% or less in order to receive any performance funding. This is the first budget to apply the same requirement to community colleges as well, even though community college tuition increases have been much smaller than those of universities over the past decade. This “tuition restraint” prerequisite for receiving performance funding helps to keep postsecondary education affordable for low-income students.
  • Of Michigan’s three financial aid grant programs, only the Tuition Incentive Program is increased over the current fiscal year. The increase, $1.5 million, is all from the state’s General Fund. Total funding for all financial aid grant programs is $103.1 million, some of which comes from the federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families allocation.

Department of Corrections

The governor’s budget includes total funding for the Department of Corrections of $2.05 billion, including $1.99 billion in state General Fund dollars, an increase of approximately 0.9% over the current year appropriation of $2.03 billion. The bulk of the funding is for Prison Operations (78%), followed by Parole, Probation and Community Services (15%) and Administration (7%).

The budget for the DOC is the state’s second largest, in terms of its share of state General Fund dollars, growing by nearly 16% between Fiscal Years 2005 and 2014. This year, more than 96% of the DOC budget comes from the General Fund.

Healthy Michigan Plan: The Healthy Michigan Plan – which was championed by Gov. Snyder and will be implemented in April 2014 – will provide comprehensive health coverage for low-income Michiganians ages 19-64 who are not eligible or enrolled in Medicaid or Medicare, are not pregnant, and have incomes up to 133% of the Federal Poverty Level ($15,000 for a single individual).

  • Under this plan, most prisoner inpatient hospitalizations, certain services for mentally ill and medically fragile inmates, and some re-entry services will be covered by Medicaid.
  • The governor’s DOC budget for 2015 includes state General Fund savings of $19.1 million as a result of the implementation of the Healthy Michigan Plan.

Mental Health Diversion Council: The governor created the Mental Health Diversion Council in 2013, tasking the council with developing methods to divert individuals with mental illnesses or substance abuse problems out of the criminal justice system and into appropriate treatment.

  • The governor’s budget includes $1 million in funding for a pilot project that will connect inmates in one local jail with appropriate mental health treatment as they are released into the community.

Prisoner Education Enhancement: DOC prisoner re-entry programs include prisoner education services to facilitate inmates’ reintegration into the community.

  • The governor recommends $4.3 million, including $1 million in one-time funds, to expand prisoner vocational education and prepare parolees for entry into the workforce.
  • This initiative will focus on helping inmates acquire skillsets that are in demand by employers, provide employment counselors, and connect inmates with employers prior to their release.

Parole, Probation and Community Programs: The governor’s budget includes $310 million for parole, probation and community programs. This is a decrease of nearly 6% ($19.3 million) compared with Fiscal Year 2014.