Michigan families need federal action on EITC, CTC

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While much attention has been focused recently on protecting the Michigan Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), there is equally urgent action needed in Washington to save critical pieces of the federal EITC and Child Tax Credit (CTC). The federal and Michigan EITCs combine to provide much-needed support to help working families rise out of poverty, and we have to fight this battle on multiple fronts in order to protect these valuable tools.

The three provisions of the federal EITC and CTC that are set to expire are: a larger EITC for families raising three or more children; a reduction in the EITC “marriage penalty” that some two-earner families face; and a lower CTC earnings exclusion that expands the credit to very low-income working families. These stipulations are critical to helping millions of Americans and hundreds of thousands of Michigan residents make ends meet and afford the very things that keep them working, such as child care and transportation.

If Congress does not preserve these provisions, more than 50 million Americans, including 25 million children, will lose part or all of their EITC or CTC. Right here in Michigan, 727,000 children in 415,000 Michigan families will lose some or all of their working-family tax credits and 176,000 children, and 357,000 Michiganders overall, will be pushed into—or deeper into—poverty.

Although these credits are facing uncertainty, some legislators in Washington have made clear their plans to make many expiring business tax breaks permanent. Rather than pitting our businesses and our workers against each other, the League and our allies are simply asking that these credits be treated equally and made permanent together.

If Congress is willing to make any corporate tax breaks permanent, they should in good conscience be willing to do the same to ensure that vulnerable working families are not left behind. The formula for economic success should include businesses and workers alike, and both state and federal elected officials should be working to reduce poverty and the need for government assistance, not the other way around.

The EITC and CTC are two of the nation’s most effective pro-work, anti-poverty policies—and research shows their impacts on the well-being of poor children and their families are long-lasting. By enabling one generation to work their way out of poverty, these credits help break the poverty cycle and give kids a better chance at success when they grow up.

These credits help families and also our state economy as a whole. According to the most recent data available, the EITC boosted the incomes of 846,000 Michigan households, putting about $1.9 billion into Michigan’s economy. The CTC also had a wide reach in Michigan, with 551,000 Michigan households receiving the credit.

We have to stop looking at these credits solely as line items in a budget, but rather as faces in our communities. These are the workers, parents, and veterans that live in our neighborhoods and work in our restaurants, shops, senior centers, daycares and schools.

About 62,000 Michigan veteran and military families receive the EITC or CTC, and about 602,000 Michigan mothers and 362,000 fathers in working families receive one or both of the credits.

As Congress considers making the recent EITC and CTC improvements permanent, it also has an opportunity to fix a glaring gap in the EITC that excludes workers who are not raising dependent children, including young people just starting out and noncustodial parents. This oversight in the federal income tax system virtually taxes millions of working poor adults into poverty, and making a more adequate EITC available to these workers would help correct this problem. House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Paul Ryan (R-WI) and President Barack Obama have proposed nearly identical proposals to expand the EITC for these childless workers, and Congress should seize this opportunity to act in a bipartisan way.

The state and federal EITC and CTC only go to people who work and are specifically designed to encourage employment and self-sufficiency. The EITC and CTC have a history of bipartisan support—from President Ronald Reagan to President Bill Clinton. It is now up to Washington to continue that bipartisan support by working together to save these important provisions and strengthen the EITC for childless workers.

– Gilda Z. Jacobs


Support family homes to get kids out of shelters and group settings

An alarming number of foster kids in Michigan live in group homes and emergency shelters. Nearly half of whom have no clinical need to be there, and far too many are staying well beyond what is legally acceptable, according to today’s Kids Count policy report Every Kid Needs a Family: Giving Children in the Child Welfare System the Best Chance for Success, from the Annie E. Casey Foundation

The reasons? A lack of community services to allow children to stay safely in their homes and an inadequate supply of kin or foster homes. Agencies should be encouraged to provide more services in home and community settings. Family supports shield children from the further trauma of being placed in out-of-home care. (more…)

Governor’s 2016 Budget: Impact on Children and Families


Governor Proposes Positive Investments Despite Threats to Revenues

While the governor has proposed a balanced budget for 2016 that includes important investments for children and families, there are many threats to the state’s fiscal health on the horizon. Top among them is the potential loss to the state and its economy if voters do not approve the bipartisan compromise transportation package, leaving few other options to fix the roads without further depleting scarce state funds needed for services for children and their families.

Also acting as an anchor dragging on the state budget are deep business tax cuts adopted in 2011, along with the expected costs of outstanding business tax credits, which are now projected to be up to $600 million a year through 2030, at a total state cost of $9.4 billion. Without replacing revenues, cuts of this magnitude could so weaken basic public services in Michigan, such as public safety, transportation, education and public health, that the state’s economy could be crippled for years to come.

Finally, significant cuts in the federal budget could have a disastrous effect on many health and human services in Michigan. Over 40% of the governor’s $53 billion budget for 2016 is supported by federal funds, and the state’s reliance on federal funds has been growing.


Important Steps Forward for Children and Their Families

Gov. Rick Snyder’s budget for 2016 includes many important investments in families and children, despite lower than expected revenues, including:

Continued funding for Michigan’s preschool program for low-income children. The governor maintains funding for Michigan’s successful Great Start Readiness preschool program for low-income 4-year-olds. Over the last two years, funding for the preschool program more than doubled, with the number of half-day slots increasing from 32,140 in 2013 to 63,250 in 2015.

A new initiative to improve reading by third grade. The governor proposes nearly $49 million for a new initiative to raise third-grade reading scores, including $23.6 million for childcare quality improvements. Included are:

  • Home visits for at-risk families to encourage early literacy activities and identify children with disabilities and developmental delays ($5 million).
  • Parent education pilot programs for families with children under age 4 ($1 million).
  • Testing of new elementary teachers on reading instruction capabilities prior to their certification to teach, as well as professional development for current teachers ($1.45 million).
  • Training of teachers and administrators in the use of literacy diagnostic tools ($1.45 million).
  • Additional instruction time for students who need extra assistance with reading, including after school, as well as summer school programs ($10 million).
  • New literacy coaches for K-3 teachers ($3 million).
  • Continued implementation of the Kindergarten Entry Assessment ($2.6 million).
  • A new oversight commission, with business and philanthropic leadership, to monitor progress toward improving third-grade reading proficiency.

More funding for children at risk of falling behind their peers academically. The governor recommends an additional $100 million for children at risk of falling behind their peers academically, bringing total funding to $409 million. Funds are to be used to ensure that children are reading at grade level by the end of third grade and are career and college ready when they graduate from high school. Funds are allocated based on the number of students eligible for free meals, giving districts that are educating a high number of low-income children additional resources.

An increase in the number of child care licensing inspectors the state needs to keep children safe. The governor recommends a 50% expansion in the number of child care licensing inspectors to ensure basic health and safety in child care settings. With one inspector for every 153 licensed child care centers and homes, Michigan has come under federal scrutiny for its failure to ensure compliance with child care licensing rules, including required criminal record and protective services background checks for teachers and caregivers. The governor includes $5.7 million to reduce the ratio to the national average of one inspector for every 98 child care settings.

Investments in child care quality through increases in payments to providers, and policy changes that allow families to keep their child care even if their incomes increase. The inability of parents to find reliable, high- quality child care affects businesses’ bottom lines because of employee absenteeism and turnover. In recent years, state funding for child care has dropped dramatically, along with the number of families who can receive help with high child care costs. The decline is partly due to changes in state policy, reimbursement rates that fall far below market rates, and income eligibility guidelines that create a “cliff” that results in families losing child care assistance if they receive a raise or new job at a higher wage—even though they cannot afford child care with their earnings alone. The governor’s budget begins to address those problems by:

  • Providing a rate increase for higher-quality child care providers of approximately 25 cents per hour. This year, small rate increases were given to providers who received three, four or five stars on the state’s quality rating system. For 2016, the governor proposes to also provide increases for providers earning two stars ($6.1 million).
  • Allowing families to remain eligible for child care for up to one year, even if their incomes rise ($16 million).
  • Permitting families that are eligible for care under Michigan’s current guidelines (121% of poverty) to continue to receive child care subsidies until household income exceeds 250% of poverty ($1.5 million).

An expansion of dental care to children ages 0-8 receiving Medicaid in the state’s most populous counties of Wayne, Oakland and Kent. The governor proposes to expand the Healthy Kids Dental program to an additional 210,000 children ages 0 through 8 in the three counties with an investment of $15.7 million ($5.4 million in state funds). With this expansion, 800,000 children statewide can access dental care, but more than 170,000 older children in Wayne, Oakland and Kent counties would still not be covered. Access to dental services is essential to prevent tooth decay, the No. 1 chronic disease in children.

What’s Missing From the Governor’s Budget?

Children are more likely to thrive when their parents are able to meet their basic needs, yet many critical state services that promote economic security continue to be underfunded.

Fewer families are receiving the income supports needed to ensure that they can provide adequate housing and meet their children’s other basic needs. The long-term effects of homelessness and extreme poverty on children are well documented, but policy changes over the last five years have reduced eligibility for income assistance programs, in part through stringent lifetime limits on assistance and the ending of income assistance for an entire family due to the truancy of a single child. Between 2007 and the current budget year, spending on income assistance in Michigan declined by 66%, despite continuing high child poverty rates.

The failure to increase income assistance payments has also pushed more children into extreme poverty. To be eligible for assistance, an average family of three must have an income below $9,780 annually and financial assets of less than $3,000. The maximum benefit for a family of three is $492 per month. Over 70% of those who benefit are children.

Between Oct. 1 and Dec. 31, 2014, nearly 2,400 children under the age of 6 were living in households that were sanctioned for failure to complete all steps required to retain full eligibility for income assistance. Approximately 85 families lost assistance because of lifetime limits during that quarter and 68 were affected by the state’s truancy policy.

More families are unable to adequately feed their children because of changes in food assistance policies and benefits. Fewer families can receive food assistance, and benefits have been reduced, in part the result of a state asset test. The Food Assistance Program (formerly the Food Stamp Program) is completely federally funded, with an average monthly benefit for a two-person household of $245. More than 70% of the families and individuals who get assistance with food receive no other cash assistance from the state. The number receiving food assistance began to fall in 2011, the same year that the state imposed a new asset limit. Between fiscal years 2011 and 2015, cases dropped by 13%. Over 40% of all food assistance recipients are children.

Michigan will continue to do too little to prevent child abuse and neglect. Almost one in every 10 children in Michigan lived in a family investigated for abuse or neglect in 2013, and almost 34,000 children ages 0 through 17 were confirmed victims. And, the numbers are growing—the rate of confirmed victims escalated by almost one-third between 2006 and 2013. Sadly, funding for the major programs to prevent child maltreatment has been reduced from $65.4 million in 2006 to $48.7 million in the governor’s budget proposal.

State investments in public health and children’s health services continue to lag. Two of every $3 spent on public health services is federal money. Over the last decade, nearly all increases in total public health funding have been from federal grants or other sources, while state investments have not been made. For 2016, the governor restores $1.5 million in funds to local public health departments, bringing funding to the level it was 10 years ago. Funding to expand home visiting services to at-risk families with young children in rural areas of the Upper Peninsula and Northern Lower Peninsula ($2.5 million in state funds) was kept at current year levels. A pilot program to improve child and adolescent health services and projects to test innovations in addressing a range of health issues, including health disparities in children, were also retained ($1.5 million).

Many public schools are struggling financially. The governor recommends a $75 per pupil increase for all districts. In addition, he proposes a 60% cut in funding currently available for school districts implementing best practices and the elimination of funding for performance grants ($51 million). Some districts that have been receiving best practice and performance grants will see a drop in per pupil funding under the governor’s plan, while others will benefit.

There have been needed increases recently in support for public schools, but they have not fully restored cuts taken during the Great Recession—even without factoring in the pressures created by inflation. In the current school year, districts receiving the minimum payment are still receiving $65 less per pupil than they were in 2011, and those at the maximum payment level are receiving $390 less per pupil.




Why kids count

Recent news reports celebrate the decline in the unemployment rate and the quickened tempo of the recovery. But four years into the recovery, Michigan’s child poverty rates remain consistently high.

In 2013, one of every four children in Michigan lived in a family with income below the federal poverty level (roughly $18,800 for a single-parent family of three and $23,600 for a two-parent family of four), according to the latest Kids Count in Michigan Data Book, released today. (more…)

An income tax cut won’t boost the economy

Cutting taxes won’t create jobs or grow the economy. Michigan is already facing budget cuts because there is not enough money to fund schools, public safety and other important services that we value. Reducing the income tax would create an even bigger hole in the budget, leading to more cuts and making it harder to create a strong workforce ready for the 21st century, according to a new fact sheet from the League. (more…)

‘Yes’ on road funding is right direction

From the League’s First Tuesday newsletter
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It’s a pivotal time for Michigan public policy. Decisions made in the next few months will determine the path Michigan takes into the future.

In three short months, voters on May 5 will decide Proposal 1, the road funding package. There’s no doubt that this is Michigan’s single best chance to raise sorely needed money to pay for road repairs and put new dollars into school classrooms all while protecting families earning the least. (more…)

Happy 40th Birthday, EITC!

Today is EITC Awareness Day, and this year marks the 40th anniversary of the widely recognized tool that lifts millions of working families and children out of poverty each year. States have the opportunity to build on the federal credit, which Michigan does. However, in 2011 the state’s Earned Income Tax Credit was cut leaving behind over 15,000 families in poverty in 2012. On May 5, the voters will have the opportunity to restore the credit by supporting an increase in the sales tax by one penny.

The Michigan EITC is only available to families who have earned income from working. The credit ensures that working families are better able to make ends meet. When combined with the federal EITC, working families are lifted out of poverty and children experience better outcomes, such as improved infant and maternal health; better school performance; greater college enrollment; increased work and earnings in the next generation; and Social Security retirement benefits. All of which also benefit Michigan’s economy. (more…)

Diving deeper into the river of opportunity

At the League, economic opportunity is our mission so it was heartening to hear Gov. Rick Snyder talk about the ‘river of opportunity’ in his fifth State of the State address Tuesday. There is an assumption in that analogy, however, that deserves a closer look.

The governor spoke about his background growing up in a 900-square-foot home in Battle Creek in a supportive family. He said despite his family’s modest income, he was still able to be part of the river of opportunity. He spoke of the Michiganians who are not part – separated by poverty, absent parents or other barriers — and he talked about his desire to move them into that river of opportunity. (more…)

More child care oversight needed

Every day in Michigan, parents head out to work with their young children in tow, dropping them off at local child care centers or homes. Child care is a necessity for many working families because they rely on two incomes to make ends meet or because they are raising children as single parents.

Yet oversight of health and safety requirements is stretched far too thin in Michigan, a new policy brief from the League concludes. (more…)

Celebrating good public policy in Michigan

Restoring the Earned Income Tax Credit, part of the bipartisan compromise on road funding approved early today, will be a boost to struggling families across Michigan.

If voters agree to the package, it will put extra dollars into working households where families have the hardest time making ends meet. It’s designed to offset additional costs from an increase in the state sales tax and wholesale gas tax to pay to fix Michigan’s battered roads. (more…)

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